No, there are no hidden costs of any kind.
Trees must be ordered in lots of 100. The current pre-planting price is €20,841 per 100 trees for Mahogany, Sandalwood, Spanish Cedar or Teac. One of the reasons for the minimum order is the very nature of the forestry management process. Trees must be pruned and thinned with only the best trees growing to full maturity. With a small number of trees this process can create statistical anomalies in yields. Our Projections section will show you how a smaller number would create uncertainties as to how your trees will be managed. Prices are anticipated to increase as this season's tree planting gets underway. All orders are on a first come first served basis, and once the annual capacity is reached, all overflow orders will be wait listed and will have first priority for the next planting season. The actual time of planting will be determined in consultation with our forestry team and will vary from site to site.
If you would like additional information, please contact us at:
The purchase of Tree lots is subject to substantial risks, including fire and disease and the potential to lose your entire investment. Only persons who are "accredited investors" as defined in United States Securities and Exchange Commission Rule 501 can purchase Tree lots.
Current environmental issues for the Samoans are soil erosion, deforestation, invasive species, overfishing. Soil erosion is Soil being washed off the islands and deposited in the lagoon is a problem facing both Samoa and American Samoa. The construction of roads and development of new housing too close to the shoreline are two causes which have been cited.
In Savai'i logging of virgin primary forest has also contributed to this problem. With the trees and their root systems removed there is nothing to hold the soil in place when it rains. As well leading to increased sedimentation over the reef and a reduction in the amount of light available for photosynthesis by the algal symbiants in the coral it also causes unprecedented amounts of nutrients to be introduced into the lagoon.
Deforestation is the rapidly cutting down of trees in a forest to a point where the forest could no longer exist. Samoa faces a major environmental threat from deforestation. Agricultural change is the major culprit although logging has played its part in disturbing the delicate ecosystem. Fortunately there has been a concerted effort over the last few years to develop eco-friendly industries and conserve the beauty and biological diversity of the rain forests that cover much of the uplands. Invasive species are any plant, animal or virus which is not often originally from Samoa and is spreading beyond its normal occurrence rate causing a menace to agriculture or personal resources by damaging it. Invasive species are recognized as highly adaptive and fast breeding organisms. They are able spread freely in any particular environment, and due to their ability to breed uncontrollably; invasive species have an adverse influence on both humans and the environment. Their interference with the environment has resulted in serious destruction and is a case that should be taken seriously in Samoa. Invasive vines such as merremia overwhelm vast areas of the native forests in Samoa driving many of our local plants to the verge of extinction. Furthermore, invasive vines also cause the production of flowers and fruits to dramatically decrease, affecting the species which depend on these fruits for food. Such examples include pigeons and fruit-bats.
Such impacts on the environment can also affect the people living in Samoa by creating enormous costs to our islands development, food security, and human livelihoods through the damage and ruin caused to our agriculture, fisheries, and forestry industries. Moreover, Invasive species are also known to be disease carriers, thus directly harming humans and their health.
Samoa is no stranger to the damages that an invasive species can cause. In 1993 a taro leaf blight outbreak devastated the staple crop decimating farmers' incomes from both the local and overseas markets.
Self Invested Personal Pensions, most commonly known as a SIPPS pension, and sometimes referred to as pensions savings, is a relatively new type of plan but provides individuals with the chance to take an active role in how their money is managed and invested.
In most types of pension, the individual pays their money and whilst they can specify their general approach towards risk, the actual strategy and fund management is looked after entirely by the provider.
With SIPP pensions, the individual can not only decide how much risk they want to accept, but also where to invest their money.
This is a key difference and if you aren't comfortable with this level of responsibility, SIPP investments may not be the right choice for you.
One of the other advantages of a SIPP is that there are a wide range of investment options for you to pick from, including commercial property. This isn't possible with many other types of pension investment. Broadly speaking, according to SIPP rules, funds can be invested into any one of the following types of portfolio:
However, whilst there is certainly a broad choice, every provider has different rules about investment amounts.
On the SIPP providers list, some stipulate there must be a regular monthly contribution whilst others set a minimum level of investment. It is therefore vital to make sure you find a provider that has the right combination of options for your needs. Using a SIPP comparison table can help you identify the most suitable product and find UK pensions providers of SIPP more easily. Thus you can find the best SIPP and best SIPP provider for you.
QROPS stands for Qualifying Recognised Overseas Pension Schemes, which were launched in 2006 in accordance with the rules of HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC).
They were designed for those living or working outside the UK but who still have a UK private pension. The aim of this was to give the pension holder the ability to have greater control over their fund and to take advantage of tax rates lower than those of British-based pension schemes.
If you live abroad or are planning to do so in the near future transferring your pension to a QROPS could allow you the freedom and flexibility you need.
To be eligible for a QROPS, you must be aged 55 or over and hold a UK private pension. A state pension will not be accepted nor will a pension which is already linked to an annuity.
We highly recommend that you seek independent financial advice before switching to a QROPS.
In the past decade thousands of British expats have switched to a QROPS and enjoyed a number of benefits. These include:
No, there are no hidden costs of any kind.
One of the reasons for the minimum order is the very nature of the forestry management process. Trees must be pruned and thinned with only the best trees growing to full maturity. With a small number of trees this process can create statistical anomalies in yields. Our Projections section will show you how a smaller number would create uncertainties as to how your trees will be managed.
Just simply indicate on the Tree Owner Agreement that you want joint ownership by listing both names and add the letters “JTWROS” beneath your names.
When your paid order is accepted, your trees will be scheduled with the nursery. The first 3-4 months of their life will be under the care of the nursery staff. When they are mature enough for field planting they will be planted as field and weather conditions dictate. When your trees are planted you will receive Registry Documentation showing the exact location of your trees, the quantity, species and the year of planting.
First of all, others are doing it. Over the past several decades, millions of trees have been planted for investors throughout Central America where land is cheap and the climate is conducive to growing. Unfortunately, all of the tree farms in the world meet less than 1-2% of the annual global demand for tropical hardwood.
A great deal of knowledge about tree farm management comes from the last hundred years of tree farm operation. One of the things discovered was that trees given too much space will tend to branch early and develop short trunks. The trunk below the first limb is the most valuable lumber in the tree. By crowding the trees in their early growth, long straight trunks can be encouraged.
As the tree grows its canopy spreads. When the tree canopies start to touch one another the trees start competing for sunlight and growth slows. By timely thinning, the best trees are “released” to maximize the lumber yield of the total original stand.
Forest fires are generally a problem in regions with significant dry seasons, which occur generally in El Niño years. Additionally an aggressive campaign of weed control prevents the accumulation of fuel for a fire to get started in the first place.
The risk of diseases and insects are constantly monitored by our forestry professionals. Samoa’s geographic isolation reduces the threat of many pests that are common in other parts of the world. By continually monitoring the tree farm, Samoan Hardwoods works to minimize any pest threats through early detection and treatment.
Since we are a tree farm and we are planting pastureland, we have no impact on our native forests. We are sustainable by design. Our planting is an ongoing program and will always exceed our harvesting.
The areas we are planting have been open pasture land for decades and have no endemic wildlife on it at this time. Further, before it was harvested in the 1960’s these lands were once pristine forests. We would simply be returning the land to its natural state. In addition, we file detailed forestry management plans with the Department of Lands, Surveys and Environment which meet all wildlife protection requirements. We are also planting all of the native species that were once here, meaning our reforestation project is producing a viable ecosystem, not a monoculture.
Wildlife site surveys are conducted and filed along with the forestry management plan before the first tree goes into the ground. Our obligation under the safe harbor “Right to Harvest” laws is to not degrade the habitat from the condition present at the time of the initial survey. In short the tree owner has the right to harvest their trees even if the trees have become a new habitat. Continual planting assures that there will always be new habitat available.
There are asset management companies set up to handle SIPP's, QROPS, IRA, 401K and other types of trust and retirement accounts that hold hard assets. If you have trouble locating a firm that can handle this we can direct you to companies who specialize in this field.
As a tree owner you have the right to sell the trees to anyone at any time during the life of the trees. If you choose to do this we will help you prepare the documentation to transfer ownership in our tree registry. Any replacement owner will be bound by the same terms and conditions of your tree owner’s agreement. Because we are in constant contact with tree owners we may be able to help you find a buyer. Some in the wood products industry may be looking to plan for their lumber needs on shorter time horizons.
The exact timing of thinning harvests and final harvest will be determined by our forestry team. If you look at the tables in the projections section, you will see harvest years based on the results from tree farms as diverse as Hawaii, Indonesia and Central America. The first harvest producing marketable timber is projected as occurring in year 8 with periodic harvests every 3-4 years leading to a final harvest at year 25. Teak is well documented, but the exact schedules for other species are not as well known.
We are constantly working with our forestry people to insure we meet all FSC guidelines. In addition, because each tree is uniquely identified through the RFID system, we meet all chain of custody issues automatically.
You should contact your tax advisor regarding your particular situation. If the inspection of your trees is the principal reason for your trip, it is likely that a significant portion of your travel and lodging expenses will be deductible. Your tax advisor can tell you what documentation and records you would need to retain.
The World Resource Institute has calculated the current rate of tropical rainforest destruction at 50 million acres a year. They also estimate that less than 700 million acres remain with growing global pressure to protect much of that resource. The confluence of these forces will create a global shortage within 14 years. Currently, tree farms and plantations supply only 1% of the tropical hardwood market. Even given the most optimistic projections, it is highly unlikely tropical hardwood farms will fill more than a few percent of the current worldwide demand.
The carbon credit market is in its infancy, but make no mistake it is coming. It is not clear how carbon credits for managed forest resources will be treated, but our climatology advisors are following this market with great interest. By making the personal choice to plant trees, you create an offset to your carbon footprint. Hardwoods, even when harvested are used for products with lasting value and are unlikely to reenter the planet’s carbon cycle any time soon. Any and all carbon credits associated with your trees are yours to keep or sell.
When your trees are planted you will receive Registry Documentation showing the exact location of your trees, the quantity, species and the year of planting. You will be entered into the email list for our Entreepreneur™ Newsletter with ongoing updates on lumber markets, Samoan Hardwoods progress and other developments affecting tree ownership. After each thinning and harvest, you will be emailed a detailed account of the number of your trees harvested and all associated costs such as milling, drying, care and management. If you choose to have us sell your hardwood we will also include the amount of the net proceeds from your harvest.
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